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The SVAMITVA Scheme was launched on 24 April 2020. SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) scheme is a new initiative of the Panchayati Raj Ministry. The aim of the SVAMITVA Scheme is to provide a combined property verification solution for rural India. Using drones, all the properties of the country are mapped by this scheme.
The following mapping and determining of the properties, a certificate of ownership is issued to the relevant people of the villages. Drone technology is used in rural areas in order to demarcate the land and provide the owners with certificates of ownership. Surveys will be done over the period 2020 -2025 using Drone technology in rural inhabited areas.
The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Survey of India, State Panchayati Raj Department, and State Revenue Department collaborate to implement this scheme, which attempts to resolve property disputes in villages. The scheme would be a Central Sector Scheme with an outlay of Rs 79.65 crore for the pilot phase (FY 2020 -21).
SVAMITVA Scheme intends to assist the rustic populace with acquiring advance offices on their territories in view of the declaration of possession, very much like in the urban communities. At first, this plan is sent off on a preliminary premise in six states the nation over. The six states are Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Madhya Pradesh.
On 11 October 2020, the Top state leader, Shri. Narendra Modi gave the actual dissemination of property cards through video conferencing under the ‘Review of Towns and Planning with Ad libbed Innovation in Town Regions’ (SVAMITVA) conspire. The townspeople who accepted their property cards can now benefit from advances from the banks in light of the property cards of their town property.
SVAMITVA Scheme full form- Survey of Villages And Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas
SVAMITVA Scheme Objectives:
- To get monetary steadiness to the residents of provincial India by empowering them to involve their property as a monetary resource for taking credits and other monetary advantages.
- Formation of exact land records for provincial preparation.
- Assurance of local charge, which would accumulate to the GPs straightforwardly in States where it is reverted or disaster will be imminent, add to the State exchequer.
- Formation of study foundation and GIS maps that can be utilized by any division for their utilization.
- To help in the readiness of a superior quality Gram Panchayat Improvement Plan (GPDP) by utilizing GIS maps.
- To lessen property-related debates and legitimate cases
SVAMITVA Scheme Features:
- The supreme objective of this plan is to the authentic goal of the property-related cases in country India by giving proprietorship freedoms to individuals in the towns.
- Property cards for each property estimated and delineated in the town will be ready and given to the landowners, which is perceived by the Land Income Records Division.
- The residents can acquire admittance to bank finance utilizing their property cards as a guarantee as these cards fill in as an authority report.
- By utilizing the most recent innovation of robots to quantify the terrains, a computerized map is drawn of each property, and the limits of grounds are delineated of each income region.
- These GIS guides can be utilized by every one of the branches of the public authority for their utilization.
- Under this plan, the superior nature of the Gram Panchayat Advancement Plan (GPDP) is ready by utilizing GIS maps.
- eGram Swaraj versatile application is likewise sent off, which gives a solitary stage to the public authority and the residents for survey the information on the preparation, bookkeeping, and observing requirements of the Panchayats in the country.
- This application and eGramSwaraj entrance contain the reports and progress status of the exercises attempted and finished by the public authority under this plan.
SVAMITVA Yojana Eligibility:
- The qualified rustic individuals will be given possession records of the property which goes about as verification of claiming the grounds.
- Rustic individuals who are utilizing populated land on or after 25 September 2018 will be assigned that particular land for which they will be qualified to get the land possession records.
- The townspeople will be given proprietorship endorsements and possession records of ownership of their property.
- The candidate who wishes to get the responsibility for records should have the Aadhar card alongside the portable number connected with Aadhar.
SVAMITVA Scheme Benefits:
- Property cards are appropriated under this plan to the particular proprietors, which gives the residents possession privileges over their properties.
- It will assist with decreasing property questions in provincial regions.
- It will empower the townspeople to profit bank credits without any problem.
- It will empower for the quick improvement of provincial regions as planning and boundary of the town properties are done under this plan.
- It will help the public authority for viable preparation of the foundation programs in the towns.
- Since drone innovation and satellite planning are utilized to differentiate property, the limits of the singular property will be managed with no blunders.
- The records of land proprietorship made in the towns under this plan will help in the assortment of expenses, make new structure arrangements, and issuance of grants.
SVAMITVA Scheme Working:
Under the SVAMITVA Scheme lands will be mapped through drones. It also determines the limits of every revenue block. About 6.62 villages will be covered by the new property cards created by the state governments over a period of four years. In order to implement this scheme in phases, the survey will occur between 2020 and 24.
Under the Gram Panchayat Development Plan, the eGrama Swaraj portal provides detailed information panchayat-wise. The portal provides records of the work done in each village from the planning stage to the implementation stage.
svamitva Scheme Coverage:
There are about 6.62 lakh villages in the country that will be eventually covered in this scheme. The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of five years.
For the States, which have already done Abadi surveys, the scope and process for Phase II (post-pilot phase) will be decided in consultation with the States and the SOI in Phase III (post-pilot phase). As for the States which have already done Abadi surveys, Phase II (post-pilot phase) will be decided in consultation with the States and SoI.
Scaling up phase-
Full inclusion of almost 6.62 lakh towns in India and foundation of a broad CORS network with 567 CORS stations.
A Ceaselessly Working Reference Stations (CORS) network offers provincial situating assistance. In CORS Foundation, the redresses to the guide are in a split second shipped off the meanderer collector from the control community which assists with tracking down the extremely precise situating of the wanderer.
CORS assumes a significant part in accomplishing centimeter precision situating in numerous applications, for instance, cadastral planning, land data the board, huge scope planning, armada the executives, following and route, and so on which is generally impractical with customary techniques.
Various Stages in SVAMITVA Scheme & its Glimpses-
Property Cards Now Available in Digi Locker App-
As a result, the revenue/property registers would be updated with a ‘record of rights’, and property cards would be issued to property owners. This would allow the rural residential land to be monetized for credit and another financial service. Additionally, the scheme would ensure the proper determination of property tax resulting in better civic amenities for the locals.
SVAMITVA Scheme Stakeholders:
The stakeholders that would be involved in taking out the svamitva scheme are as follows:
- Nodal Ministry (Ministry of Panchayati Raj), Govt of India.
- Survey of India (Technology Implementation Agency)
- State Revenue department
- State Panchayati Raj Department
- Local district authorities.
- Property owner
- Gram Panchayat (GP).
- National Informatics Centre (NIC) – GIS Division
- Other line departments having assets in Rural inhabited areas (if any) for preparing comprehensive database.